was a heavy machine gun used by the Imperial Japanese Army during the Second World War starting from 1941. The improved M61A1 used linkless ammunition feed, which improved reliability markedly. The Type 93 was another Hotchkiss copy, in fact (according to Chinn) a copy of an experimental aircraft MG Hotchkiss was developing in secret for the French Air Force. In my experience the “woodpecker” nickname of the gun did not have anything to do with a slow rate of fire. Fortunately for owner/shooters, there is currently a large supply of 7.7 semi rimed ammo on stripperrs in the US which functions almost exactly as did the ammo in WWII. Even the Nambu light MGs Type 96 (1936) and Type 99 (1939), which are often designated as ZB26 copies, were actually simply lightened Hotchkiss patterns with a ZB26/Bren/Madsen type top-mounted box magazine. * 7.7x56mmR (.303 British) Because they weren’t and eon didn’t say that, either. The Type 1 (一 式 重 機関 銃 Y-shiki hoo-kikanjuu?) Blade front sight with rear peep sight, graduated from 100 to 2,200 meters, with provision for mounting a telescope. Conversion Browning M2 “Anti-Mechanization Weapon” February 19, 2014 Ian McCollum 98. What we’re all wondering is, are there any others out there that survived the war? BTW, Weeks goes on to state that the Type 92 won’t take both the old semi-rimmed and the new rimless 7.7mm round, but the new Type 1 will take both types, which contradicts the above statement. Though it was numbered “Serial 1”, the weapon was a production job, and not just an experimental item hand-made by some arsenal. The Type 1 Heavy Machine Gun (一式重機関銃, Iti-shiki juu-kikanjuu) was a heavy machine gun used by the Imperial Japanese Army during the Second World War starting from 1941. I can only assume that either the British version of the intel report got that bit backwards, or Weeks’ editor didn’t understand what he was saying. Get behind an M1919 Browning or feel the thrill of firing the ZB-30, the gun that the famous British Bren medium machine gun is based on. It was a heavy, gas operated gun, mounted on a tripod, and air cooled. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). This was at the same time that we were using the AN-M2/M3 cannon in 20mm, Oerlikon-system guns that never worked all that reliably, and required lubricated cartridges to work at all. The half-track could be armed with as many as three Type 97 7.7 mm machine guns or Type 92 heavy machine guns, 2 of which were installed right behind the crew compartment, while the other one could be placed on a mount at the rear of the vehicle. Usually with a Stillson wrench.). This can be seen in WWII movies of squads firing this gun in combat and training. It was manufactured by Hitachi in August 1941 and was intended to be a replacement for the Type 92, the standard Japanese machine gun during World War II. Cal Heavy Machine Gun Team Downtown Baghdad - D 70246 Includes: (1) - Heavy Machine Gun Team - Woodland Combat Vest Set (Type 1) NOTE: Stock photos are for reference only. Shop for machine gun Vehicles in the Shapeways 3D printing marketplace. American made machine gun, designed to be capable of sustained fire (unlike the B.A.R.) It was sometimes used as a light anti-aircraft gun during the war in the Pacific. A similar fate befell the Eugene Stoner-designed AR-15 when, as the M-16, it fell into the clutches of Army Ordnance in the early 1960s. You know, there were some instances of live Type 92 machine guns being encountered in the 1980’s…. This document has a bit more information, claiming that the need for a lighter replacement for the Type 92 was recognized as early as 1937. The new gun is gas-operated and air-cooled, but dispenses with the very heavy barrel jacket which permits the Model 92 to maintain a steady rate of fire without excessive heating. This ammunition is fed from the left side in the usual 30-round metal strips. Check out the types of machine guns we stock in our armory to find the ideal weapon for your gun range experience. As happened with the ball powder problem with the M-16. Your email address will not be published. Can be moved by 2 infantry, or towed by certain vehicles. The Japanese versions have a very unique bolt lock system that actually included a lock out of the firing pin unless the bolt and lock are completely in battery and locked. Fire is controlled by a thumbpiece-trigger, but the thumbpiece does not also serve as the safety. The USAAF/USAF never used them that much, basically only the P-38 and an export variant of the P-39 (P-400 if I recall correctly) were armed with one. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Nobody seems to know what the total production quantity was for this model, and any additional information would be much appreciated! The type 99, BTW, was the only 7.7mm weapon in the family; the earlier ones were all 6.5mm. FN F2000 Assault Rifle. Commentdocument.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "a5e05ba75716895115c26296557dc48e" );document.getElementById("efd78c9c78").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Or by chance, sitting by the hundreds in some Burmese warehouse, complete with all accessories, just waiting for some vintage arms outfit to purchase the lot for US collectors like myself? The problem with the AN-M2/M3 version apparently was that Navy BuOrd decided to change tolerances and materials to make the gun easier to mass-produce, thereby restoring the glitches that had been eliminated from the prototypes in Switzerland before Gazda started his “medicine show” tour in the early thirties. By its slow rate of fire it earned itself the nickname of ‘woodpecker’ from the Allies, and it still exists because not many years ago one was heard and recognized firing across the border towards Hong Kong from Communist China. transferable machine guns: oss-style integrally suppressed pistol: us m274 military mechanical mule: us airforce m16 shipping & storage container: wwii british government arsenal piat (projector infantry anti tank) no longer an nfa firearm! Can be moved by 2 infantry, or towed by certain vehicles. Hotchkiss was a smart design indeed. Back to tools The 20mm cannon which armed the later F-86 Sabres and other mid-1950s USAF fighters was the M39 revolver cannon, which derived from the German MG 213 (developed during WW2 by the Germans but never used in a production aircraft). Type 1 Heavy Machine Gun (Mocked up Browning M2) Japanese sailors defending their carriers from the US attack are seen firing Browning M2, .50cal machine guns, mocked up to appear as Type 1 heavy machine guns. The rate of fire can actually be quite high In some guns when clean and lubricated. From belt-fed beasts to LMGs, Battlefield Vegas has it all. Damage: 135 Speed: 853 Ammo: 250 Spreading: 1 Recharge Time: 5 Recovery Time: 600 Germany Edit MAC Mle.31 Edit File:MAC Mle.31.jpg. Extended firing allows combustion gases to enter the firing pin hole. This is not the same Type 1 machine gun as used by the Imperial Japanese Navy, which was a variant of the German MG 15 machine gun. No wonder they actually did not have interest in adopting superior in terms of material use design. The Type 1 gun had a head or shoulder rest attached to the gun. Very interesting indeed; learn and improve want you can – way to do it. However, the license agreement the Japanese government agreed to prohibited them from using it as an aircraft gun, apparently to keep the French Air Force happy. This one was found on Luzon. FN F2000 Assault Rifle. They did do us one better, though, in that they went on to equip a lot of their fighters with a 20mm cannon that was basically a scaled-up “Ma Deuce”, firing the same 20mm Oerlikon rounds everybody used on both sides. The Ganz HMG and the M1917 MGare notable for being the only HMGs that are carried by infantry instead of being emplacements or mounted weapons. The Type 92 will fire both rimless and semi-rimmed 7.7mm cartridges. The final trial model of the gun was fitted to a lightened version of the Type 92 mount, and this version was found acceptable and formally adopted in November of  1942. Apparently the Infantry School disliked the sled mount, and development along those lines was halted (until 1942, when a request from paratroop command restarted it, although with no known final product). It employs the same principles of operation, simply with scaled down components. The outstanding features of the Model 01 are its removable barrel and the reduction made in weight over the Juki, for the Model 01 weighs nearly 50 percent less than the Model 92. The F-4 of course did not have them, since it was originally delivered without fixed gun armament and later models had the M61A1 Vulcan. Although just having one pattern of 7.7mm round would have avoided the whole tangled mess to begin with. As for the Navy, they didn’t expend a lot of money on MG R&D there, either. The Model 1 (1941) gun appears to be basically the same weapon as the earlier model, Model 100 (1940) which is shown at the bottom of the illustration. (The latter being more likely.). Let’s see: * 6.5x50mmSR The introduction of the removable barrel is supposed to compensate for the loss of barrel jacket. The only major difference between them and the earlier Type 11 (1922) and Type 91 (1931) patterns was that feed system, replacing the “hopper” feed of the two earlier guns, which used the five-round chargers for the Arisaka bolt-action rifle. Initial trials of the new gun were first held in March of 1940, along with a new style of mount patterned after the German MG08 sled mount. The Japanese Army and Navy ordnance boards apparently weren’t aware of this, and as a result their fighter pilots had very reliable 20mm cannon to shoot at our aircraft with. Also like the AR-15 case, BuOrd specified a different DuPont propellant powder for the AN-M2/M3, that had been rejected by the designers of the original gun because of a combination of increased cyclic rate and increased fouling, which made a mess of the mechanism. and portable. It is essentially a smaller, lighter version of the Type 92 Heavy Machine Gun. Another unique aspect of the Japanese MGs is the pyramid crosssection to the rifling. (The secret French version, rather more sensibly, was belt-fed.). Unfortunately, the factory was too far gone to start up production again. A T92 that has been left uncleaned, but with sufficient free movement for it to open and fire will start out slowly due to the fouling and then pick up speed as the fouling disperses or is overcome. The Type 92 was essentially a scaled-up version of the Type 3 Heavy Machine Gun, with its calibre increased to 7.7 mm, and like the Type 3 was air cooled, ammo strip fed, and based on the Hotchkiss M1914. The biggest members of the Japanese MG family were the 13.2mm Type 93 (1933) ground gun, and the 12.7mm Type 1 (1941) aircraft gun. Our Ordnance Board maintained that it was “impossible” to scale the Browning gun up to use 20mm rounds. The futuristic design of the FN2000 has it dubbed as ‘The next generation … Enter your email address to receive notifications of new posts by email. AR-15 / M16 A1 & A2/ M4 Rifle Barrels: Fully machined and assembled with extension, made from high grade 41V50 milspec vanadium/molybdenum alloy steel, button rifled, thermo-stress relieved, parkerized finish, threaded muzzle, chromed bore and chamber for optimum performance and durability. Thanks for the note. While the basic inspiration for the action of these guns is Hotchkiss, the actions are completely different. The Hispano-Suiza HS.404 was not identical to the Becker-Semag Advanced Primer Ignition (API) blowback cannons, which the Oerlikon naval guns (and ground based AA guns used by the British army) were based upon like you wrote. In theory they could fire 400-600 small-calibre rounds per minute, a figure that was to more than double by the war's end, with rounds fed via a fabric belt or a metal strip.The reality however was that these early machine guns would rapidly overheat and become inoperative without the aid of cooling mechanisms; they were consequently fired in short rather than sustained bursts. Was used by the Japanese Imperial Army during World War II, from 1941. And yes, Col. Chinn, himself a USMC ordnance expert during the war, was very definitely “honked off” about the whole wretched affair. Conversion Browning M2 “Anti-Mechanization Weapon” February 19, 2014 Ian McCollum 98. There are a total of [ 22 ] Heavy Machine Guns (HMG) entries in the Military Factory. It had a weight of 55.3 kg and it had a length of 115.6 cm. The Type 1 is gas operated, air cooled, and has a removable barrel that is shorter than the Type 92. When the gun remains uncleaned in a damp climate over time, the action can lock up solidly due to the fast and aggressive fouling of the corrosive primers. Initially developed for the air force, but in 1923 a different version was developed for ground forces. At one point the RN was “appropriating” barrels from the RAF’s Hispano supply chain to get the deck-mounted Oerlikons out to the forces soonest, carefully neglecting to tell Lord Beaverbrook that they were doing so! Imagine if our airmen had been gifted with the same sort of weaponry. The Type 85 heavy machine gun can be considered as a further evolution of the Type 77 heavy machine gun most of the improvements concentrated at either end of the basic weapon. Here are the other photos provided of the known example: I did find one other reference to the Type 1, in Ordnance Technical Intelligence Report Number 19 (a document printed by the Office of the Chief Ordnance Officer in Tokyo in January of 1946). Or you could have just copied the British Hispano Mk.II or Mk.V verbatim, which did not have any major reliability problems despite being based on the same basic Hispano-Suiza design as the AN-M2/M3… There was also an attempt to copy the German MG 151 as the .60 caliber aircraft gun, but that project was never satisfactorily concluded, either. I had no idea that American 20mm air-cannons were derived from Japanese design. This fellow was able to track down the only known surviving example at the US Army Ordnance Training and Heritage Center, where the staff was very helpfully willing to pull it out of storage and take some photos. It is essentially a smaller, lighter version of the Type 92 Heavy Machine Gun. This is a Japanese 7.7mm Type 1 heavy machine gun. The Type 1 also was intended to be fitted with a 4x periscope-style optical sight. Over many, many years I have never heard of another example and believe that few if any more exist, wherever they may be. Conversely, there mush be an intrinsic value to this. (The Secret War, Gerald Pawle.). * 7.7x58mm (rimless) It was sometimes used as a light anti-aircraft gun during the war in the Pacific. The Type 1 variant appears to be basically the same weapon as the earlier model, the Type 100. Find unique gifts and other personal designs in Shapeways Miniatures. The reduction in weight has been accomplished by a lightening of the weight of most component parts. In 1937 the need for a lighter version was stated, and resulted in the Type 1, which came out in 1942. the differences between the two are slight, except for weight, although the barrel of the later gun is more easily removed, and it only uses the later type of 7.7mm ammunition. The Type 3 Heavy Machine Gun (San-nen-shiki juu-kikanjuu? This listing includes heavy, medium and light machine guns as well as Squad Automatic Weapons (SAWSs) and those base assault rifle designs that can be converted to fulfill the light machine gun role. These trials used a modified sled-type mount, and an improved version of the gun (including the use of spade grips in place of the original shoulder stock and pistol grip). For one thing, the material supply in heavily strained economy was probably problematic, this being coupled by air raids and cutting supply sources week by week, day by day. The 1914 machine gun, usually positioned on a flat tripod, would require a gun crew of four to six operators. the enigma "aow" 6-shot briefcase gun - available: military armaments corp./beretta model 100, .32 It is not known whether the Japanese have produced the Model 01 in any quantity, or whether they consider it superior enough to the Juki to warrant replacement of the latter in spite of deterioration of production facilities and of increasing need for artillery, antitank, antiaircraft, and armored vehicles. He did say that when the war was over they had great fun shooting seagulls with it as they exploded nicly I’ll have a look for it next time I’m there. The 7.7mm Type 92 (Shiki) cartridge (available as rimmed and rimless) was delivered into the mechanism by way of a 150-round metal strip. One can only remotely think under what pressure Japanese procurement system was. This unified Kalashnikov machine gun can be used as a light (bipod-based) or heavy machine gun (carrier-based). There could be just plain iron-sights for the Type 92 or there could be telescopic sights like the Type 96. A 7.7 round could be used if needed or if other ammunition supplies dwindled. I was recently contacted by a fellow looking for information on the Japanese Type 1 heavy machine gun – a replacement for the Type 92 whose name would suggest it was adopted in 1941, but . Design [edit | edit source]. But it traces its lineage directly so some much more obscure models (namely the Borchardt […]. Interestingly, the 1945 article mentions that the captured gun is serial number 1 – as is the gun we Ordnance center has. Its main purpose was to help the modernization of the Imperial Japanese Army by increasing the number of mechanized infantry regiments. Though the Juki takes both rimmed and rimless caliber 7.7-mm ammunition, the new Model 01 (for reasons best known to the Japanese) takes only rimless ammunition. The Japanese 7.7 ammo is fiercely corrosive. Type 1 Heavy Machine Gun (Mocked up Browning M2) Japanese sailors defending their carriers from the US attack are seen firing Browning M2, .50cal machine guns, mocked up to appear as Type 1 heavy machine guns. Shop for machine gun Vehicles in the Shapeways 3D printing marketplace. The Type 1 Heavy Machine Gun (一式重機関銃 Iti-shiki juu-kikanjuu?) This is a Japanese 7.7mm Type 1 heavy machine gun. It shows that consideration has been given to carefully calibrated indirect fire along fixed lines, if not for accurate searching fire. I guess they really had no choice……FWIW. I was recently contacted by a fellow looking for information on the Japanese Type 1 heavy machine gun – a replacement for the Type 92 whose name would suggest it was adopted in 1941, but . busted up his leg. They first entered in service with the F4U Corsair (forget the subtype right now) and later remained the main USN fighter cannon armament until the F-8. The Hispano and British Hispano 20mm aircraft guns were virtually indistinguishable from the German 20mm aircraft guns, and either lot was virtually identical to the Royal Navy deck-mounted flexible gun that the U.S. Navy also adopted. The Model 01’s tripod, though similar to that of its predecessor, is generally improved. A unique way to preserve the rifling over heavy use. Sometimes heavy machine gun was used as anti-aircraft gun … As usual “eon” you are presenting extensive knowledge of the subject and I appreciate it. According to Chinn, the fellow responsible for all this was Oerlikon-Buhrle’s demon salesman, Antoine Gazda, who somehow managed to flog the Oerlikon (actually Becker-Semag) design to everybody in Europe plus the U.S. while convincing each customer that they, and only they, had the “secret” of this world-beating gun. In turn, reductions in the moving parts has produced a somewhat higher rate of fire than the Model 92’s, but since the Model 01’s barrel is shorter, it is believed that the newer gun has less range than the Model 92, which is practically a copy of the Model 3 (1914) Hotchkiss-type heavy machine gun. The safety device consists of a lever on the left side of the receiver. The fellow who posted the pics to this site of the Type 1 had contacted me about it looking for information and I told him that the only example of the gun is in the Aberdeen Provong Ground Museum where I have seen it many times. It is essentially a smaller, lighter version of the 7.7x58mm Type 92 Heavy Machine Gun. Its constructions had some similarities, but it was gas-operated, not API blowback. They must be deployed on the field (with a nest often built around it) or mounted to a pedestal or carrier vehicle. One wonders how many still had all their hair firmly rooted by about 1943.). Some are light enough to be carried by infantry, but typically not in a usable state. It was manufactured by Hitachi in August 1941 and was intended to be a replacement for the Type 92, the standard Japanese machine gun during World War II. Two 1/48 FN L37A2 (GPMG) Machine Guns $ 9.72 by WarrenHudson. The rate of fire was about 450 rounds per minute and it fired the Type 92 7.7x58mm Arisaka Cartridge. I have heard that 10,000 of these guns had been produced but this has never been verified by any records of production of the Hitachi weapons factory which made the Type 1, or any other sources. The USN was a different matter, though. The moral is, “If it ain’t broke, don’t fix it”. Here is the text, along with a scan of the one photo in the article: Soldiers who are familiar with the Juki—the rather cumbersome Model 92 (1932) standard heavy machine gun—will be interested to learn that the Japanese have produced a new, handier model of their heavy machine gun. A second set of trial was held in June of 1940 which were better, but still not ideal. It was used exclusively as an aircraft gun, usually in wing or (synchronized) engine-cowling mounts on fighters. It could use both a rimless and semi-rimmed 7.7x58mm Shiki round. Dragon - 1/6 Scale - 3rd Infantry Division 2nd Brigade M2 50. Probably the most over-engineered machine gun of WW2, a deactivated copy would look great next to my deactivated M1919. In any case, for some reason the USN did not want the M39 revolver cannon, which was a clear improvement over the MK12 (and many would argue, actually as good in practice as the later M61A1 Vulcan, but of course it suffered from NIH syndrome). However, it is estimated that trained crews should require approximately 1 minute to effect the barrel change, for the barrel lock is definitely not of the quick-release type. It also had a muzzle velocity of 730 m/s and it had an effective range of 800m.The Type 92 was nicknamed the"Woodpecker" by allied forces because of its di… Initially developed for the air force, but in 1923 a different version was developed for ground forces. Dragon - 1/6 Scale - 3rd Infantry Division 2nd Brigade M2 50. 1 Type 2 Stats 2.1 Obtaining 3 Usage 4 Gallery Powerful heavy ammunition heavy machine gun, good at fire suppression. It was sometimes used as a light anti-aircraft gun during the war in the Pacific. This rest is made of wood and canvas and is attached to the gun with steel frames. Also contributing to the increasing RPM is chambers dirtied by combustion corrosion, which will slow the gun initially if the oiler is not used or the rounds not lightly lubed. This way, Japanese ground forces would catch up with other developed nations of the time that had already investe… They didn’t like Stoner’s M-3 “grease gun” level loose tolerances, not realizing that Stoner made them that way deliberately to ensure that the rifle would fire and cycle no matter what. The 1932 Type 92 heavy machine guns ( HMG ) refers to its superior power,,! A Type of Bullpup type 1 heavy machine gun rifle and it had a weight of most component.. Enough to be basically the same weapon as the earlier Model, and weight other... Attempt by the Imperial Japanese Army during the Second World War II, from.. Which improved reliability markedly aimed by use of the removable barrel is designed to be fitted with a rate. 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